The main architectural components of the 5GTANGO platform are shown in the figure below. In line with the support of service developers and service operators, SONATA distinguishes the two main components SDK and service platform. Services developed and deployed by this system run on top of the underlying infrastructure accessible to the SONATA system via Virtual Infrastructure Managers (VIMs), abstracting from the actual hardware and software.

Each of the three main components can be divided into a number of subcomponents, realized in a micro-service-based approach. Detailed information on the architecture and its components can be found in D2.2.


The 5GTANGO platform consists of a number of software modules which together provide the required functionality for network service creation, deployment, and management. Most modules can be attributed directly to either the service platform or to the service development (SDK), according to their use. Some modules are cross-cutting and are used in both major components.

Service Platform

5GTANGO’s Service Platform (SP) is where:

  • users are created, authenticated and authorized;
  • packages, containing (network) services and (virtual network) functions descriptions, are on-boarded, validated and stored in the catalogue. A service or a function can bring with it a specific manager, which may change the default behaviour the SP has for specific aspect of that service’s or function’s lifecycle (e.g., placement, scaling, etc.);
  • services from the catalogue are instantiated (with licences verified) and orchestrated, through the MANO, in the abstracted infrastructure;
  • instantiation records are generated and stored, providing instantiation data to the other components;
  • monitoring data is collected and securely provided on demand to the service developer, thus allowing quick and frequent service improvements;
  • KPIs are collected, to show the overall business performance of the system.

The main modules of the SP are the following:

  • Gatekeeper: controls and enforces whoever (and whatever) wants to interact with the SP and guarantees the quality of the submitted packages, by validating them against a schema (syntactically), the topology of the described service and it’s integrity;
  • Catalogues: stores and manages (smart delete: only packages with services that do not have running instances can be deleted) package files, it’s meta-data as well as service’s and functions’ meta-data. The catalogues use the SONATA schema for their metadata as defined in SONATA schema;
  • MANO Framework: the orchestrator, who manages each service’s lifecycle, including when the service and/or its functions bring specific managers with them to be used in certain segments of their lifecycle. Please note the clear separation between the two levels, the Network Function Virtualization Orchestrator (NFVO) and the Virtual Network Function Manager(VNFM) and Controller. This separation was originally recommended by ETSI, and it effectively corresponds to two very different levels of abstraction that is important to be kept separate;
  • Infrastructure Abstraction: hides the complexity and diversity of having to deal with multiple VIMs and WIMs;
  • Repositories: stores and manages service and function records, resulting from the instantiation, update and termination processes;
  • Monitoring: collects (via monitoring probes), stores and provides monitoring data for the services and functions instances.

These are the highest level modules. Further details on each one of them can be found in each one of those modules GitHub’s repositories.


The service development kit (SDK) consists of the following main modules:

  • Schemas: Schemas defining the structure and syntax of all descriptors within the project (e.g., for VNFs, network services, packages, SLAs, policies, …)
  • Descriptor generation and project management: Tool for generating VNFD and NSD descriptors based on high-level information and for managing created NFV projects.
  • Validator: Tool for validating generated descriptors and projects based on syntax, integrity, topology, or custom rules.
  • Packager: Tool to create and unpack 5GTANGO packages
  • Emulator: emulation platform to support network service developers in locally prototyping and testing complete network service chains in realistic end-to-end multi-PoP scenarios
  • Benchmarker: Tool for fully automated VNF and network service benchmarking and profiling.


The Validation and Verification (VnV) platform consist of the following modules:

  • Gatekeeper: This is the 5GTANGO Gatekeeper Verification and Validation platform specific components repository, which closely follows its SP Platform counterpart.
  • Planner: component to coordinate the verification and validation activities of 5G Network Services. The Planner acts as the main manager for the V&V test requests. It is responsible for test plans management, sequencing, and triggering requests of the corresponding test requests. 
  • Curator: The Curator acts as the intermediate module between the Planner and the Executor for all V&V tests activities. It is responsible for processing a Test Plan, preparing the SP environment for tests, processing instantiation parameters, triggering the execution and cleaning up the environment afterwards.
  • Executor: This is a 5GTANGO component to execute the test suites for 5G Network Services.
  • Platform Adapter: An Adapter for VnV to talk to various Service Platforms. Out of the box support is currently for the following service platforms: SONATA, OSM, ONAP.



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